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演讲有什么技巧?英女王和美国总统夫妇告诉你

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圣诞已经过去了,相信大家都度过了一个Happy Christmas!


而Christmas作为西方国家的最重要节日之一,是隆重而喜庆的,正如中国的春节。


圣诞演讲也是英国和美国的节日必备,英女王发表圣诞演讲已持续多年并成为一种传统;相同地,美国总统的圣诞演讲每一年也都备受关注。

 

作为最美英音与最美美音,英女王和美国总统的演讲不计其数,而圣诞演讲就多了一份节日的温馨。今年,英女王圣诞演讲以“Inspiration”为主题,而奥巴马夫妇最后一次的圣诞演讲,以“The Gift of the Holidays”为主题。

 


来享受一番最美英音和美音的盛宴吧!


英女王ElizabethII圣诞演讲



演讲稿文本(双语)

There was a time when British Olympic medal winners became household names because there were so few of them.But the 67 medals at this year's Games in Rio and 147 at the Paralympics meant that the GB medalists' reception at Buckingham Palace was a crowded and happy event.  

曾几何时,英国奥运奖牌获得者家喻户晓,因为他们凤毛麟角。而在今年的里约奥运会上,我们斩获67枚奖牌,残奥会147枚,这让白金汉宫款待大不列颠奖牌得主们的招待宴变得拥挤而欢乐。


Throughout the Commonwealth there were equally joyful celebrations. Grenada, the Bahamas, Jamaica and New Zealand won more medals per head of population than any other countries. Many of this year's winners spoke of being inspired by athletes of previous generations.  Inspiration fed their aspiration; and having discovered abilities they scarcely knew they had, these athletes are now inspiring others.

英联邦各处亦欢欣庆祝,格林纳达、巴哈马群岛、牙买加、新西兰比其他任何国家的人均奖牌数都多。今年许多胜利者谈到,自己受到前辈的鼓舞。心受鼓舞令人志存高远,这些运动员发现了自己都难以置信的能力,现在他们正鼓舞着他人。


A few months ago, I saw inspiration of a different kind when I opened the new Cambridge base of the East Anglian Air Ambulance, where Prince William works as a helicopter pilot. It was not hard to be moved by the dedication of the highly skilled doctors, paramedics and crew, who are called out on average five times a day.

几个月前,我受到另一种鼓舞,我为东盎格鲁救援飞行队在剑桥的新基地剪彩,威廉王子是那里的直升机飞行员。训练有素的医生、医疗护理人员和机组成员,他们平均每天出勤五次,人们很容易就被他们的奉献精神感召。


But to be inspirational you don't have to save lives or win medals. I often draw strength from meeting ordinary people doing extraordinary things: volunteers, careers, community organisers and good neighbours; unsung heroes whose quiet dedication makes them special. They are an inspiration to those who know them, and their lives frequently embody a truth expressed by Mother Teresa, from this year Saint Teresa of Calcutta. She once said: 'Not all of us can do great things. But we can do small things with great love'.

但要鼓舞他人,你并不非定要救死扶伤或赢取奖牌。我常常从普通人身上汲取力量,他们平凡却做着不平凡的事:志愿者、老人看护、社区组织者和友善的邻居,他们是无名的英雄,默默无闻的奉献让他们与众不同。他们鼓舞着认识他们的人,他们的生活每每体现着特雷莎修女表达的真理,今年特雷莎封圣为“加尔各答的圣特雷莎”。她曾说:“并非每个人都能做出伟大的事情,但我们可以带着伟大的爱做一些小事。”


This has been the experience of two remarkable organisations, The Duke of Edinburgh's Award and The Prince's Trust, which are 60 and 40 years old this year. These started as small initiatives but have grown beyond any expectations, and continue to transform young people's lives.

有两个出色的组织正是如此,它们是今年六十周年的爱丁堡公爵奖和四十周年的王子信托基金。它们从小做起,如今却超乎预料,并继续改变着年轻人的生活。


To mark my 90th birthday, volunteers and supporters of the six hundred charities of which I have been patron came to a lunch in The Mall. Many of these organisations are modest in size but inspire me with the work they do. From giving friendship and support to our veterans, the elderly or thebereaved; to championing music and dance; providing animal welfare; or protecting our fields and forests, their selfless devotion and generosity of spirit is an example to us all.

为纪念我九十岁生日,来自600个慈善团体的志愿者和支持者来林荫大道参加午宴,我一直以来资助这些团体。许多机构并不大,它们做的事却鼓舞着我。它们把友谊和支持给予退伍老兵、老年人和丧亲之人;它们赞助音乐和舞蹈;它们提供动物福利;它们保护我们的土地和森林;它们无私的奉献和慷慨的精神堪为典范。


When people face a challenge they sometimes talk about taking a deep breath to find courage or strength. In fact, the word 'inspire' literally means 'to breathe in'. But even with the inspiration of others, it's understandable that we sometimes think the world's problems are so big that we can do little to help. On our own, we cannot end wars or wipe out injustice, but the cumulative impact of thousands of small acts of goodness can be bigger than we imagine.

遭遇挑战的人们有时会说,深吸一口气,拿出勇气和力量。事实上,“鼓舞”的字面意思就是“吸气”。可即便受到他人鼓舞,我们有时还是发现,这个世界的问题太大,我们所做的不过杯水车薪,这是可以理解的。就我们自己而言,我们无法结束战争,扫除不公,可成千上万微不足道的善行累加起来,能产生我们想象不到的巨大影响。

 

At Christmas, our attention is drawn to the birth of a baby some two thousand years ago. It was the humblest of beginnings, and his parents, Joseph and Mary, did not think they were important. Jesus Christ lived obscurely for most of his life, and never travelled far. He was maligned and rejected by many, though he had done no wrong. And yet, billions of people now follow his teaching and find in him the guiding light for their lives.

圣诞之际,我们又想起两千年前诞生的一个婴儿。他出生极为卑微,父母约瑟和玛丽并不觉得自己有多重要。耶稣基督一生大部分时光都籍籍无名,未能行走天下。尽管他并没无过错,但还是屡遭诋毁和排挤。而如今,数十亿人追随他的教诲,从他身上发现生命中引路的明灯。


I am one of them because Christ's example helps me see the value of doing small things with great love, whoever does them and whatever they themselves believe. The message of Christmas reminds us that inspiration is a gift to be given as well as received, and that love begins small but always grows.

我就是其中一员,因为基督之范让我看到以大爱行小善的价值,无论是谁,无论他信仰什么。圣诞传达的精神就是让我们记住,对心的启迪和鼓舞是一个礼物,既可接纳也可赠予,而爱起于微末,却总能茁壮成长。


I wish you all a very happy Christmas.

祝各位圣诞快乐。

奥巴马夫妇圣诞演讲




演讲稿文本(双语)

THE PRESIDENT: Merry Christmas everybody! One of the best parts of the holiday season is spending time with the special people in your life. And for me, that means getting some help from my best friend for our annual Christmas Weekly Address. 
总统:大家圣诞快乐!圣诞节最美好的事情就是,和你生命中最特殊的人在一起。对我来说,这意味着让我最好的朋友来帮我完成年度圣诞每周讲话。


THE FIRST LADY: Given how our first Christmas Weekly Address went, I realized that Barack needed all the help he could get. 
第一夫人:由于第一次圣诞每周讲话搞砸了,我意识到,巴拉克需要一切可能的帮助。


THE FIRST LADY: Celebrating the holidays in the White House over these past eight years has been a true privilege. We’ve been able to welcome over half a million guests… our outstanding pastry chefs have baked 200,000 holiday cookies… and Barack has treated the American people to countless dad jokes. 
第一夫人:在白宫度过八年的圣诞节,对我们来说真的是一大荣幸。我们在这里欢迎了50多万名客人……我们出色的糕点厨师烘焙了20万个圣诞饼干……而巴拉克也对美国人民讲了无数的冷笑话。


THE PRESIDENT: Although a few got a…Frosty reception. 
总统:虽然有一些冷场了……


THE FIRST LADY: This year’s White House holiday theme is “The Gift of the Holidays,” and our decorations reflect some of our greatest gifts as a nation: from our incredible military families, to the life-changing impact of a great education. 
第一夫人:今年,白宫的圣诞主题是:节日的礼物。我们的装饰品体现了一个国家能收到的最棒礼物:包括我们了不起的军人家庭、伟大的教育对人生的改变等等。


THE PRESIDENT: And the greatest gift that Michelle and I have received over the last eight years has been the honor of serving as your President and First Lady. Together, we fought our way back from the worst recession in 80 years, and got unemployment to a nine-year low. We secured health insurance for another twenty million Americans, and new protections for folks who already had insurance. We made America more respected around the world, took on the mantle of leadership in the fight to protect this planet for our kids, and much, much more. 
总统:而我跟米歇尔这八年来收到最棒的礼物就是,有幸作为总统和第一夫人为你们服务。我们一起对抗了80年来最严重的经济衰退,把失业率降到了9年最低;我们为200万美国人民增加了医疗保险,为已有医保的人增加了医疗保障;我们使美国在世界上更受尊重,为了我们的子孙后代,领导美国保护环境;以及很多很多。


By so many measures, our country is stronger and more prosperous than it was when we first got here. And I’m hopeful we’ll build on the progress we’ve made in the years to come. 
经过这么多努力,我们的国家变得更强盛更繁荣了。我有信心,未来的日子里,我们将在此基础上取得更多进步。


Tomorrow, for the final time as the First Family, we will join our fellow Christians around the world to rejoice in the birth of our Savior. And as we retell His story from that Holy Night, we’ll also remember His eternal message, one of boundless love, compassion and hope. 
明天,我们将最后一次以第一家庭的名义,和世界各地的基督徒一起庆祝耶稣基督的生日。我们将重述一遍那个神圣夜晚发生的故事,并记住他传递给我们的永恒信息,即无止境的爱、慈悲与希望。


THE FIRST LADY: The idea that we are our brother’s keeper and our sister’s keeper. That we should treat others as we would want to be treated. And that we care for the sick… feed the hungry… and welcome the stranger… no matter where they come from, or how they practice their faith. 
第一夫人:我们是我们的兄弟姐妹的守护者的理念;我们要待人如待己;我们要关心生病者,给饥饿者带去温饱,友善对待陌生人,无论他们从哪来,信仰是什么。


THE PRESIDENT: Those are values that help guide not just my family’s Christian faith, but that of Jewish Americans, and Muslim Americans; nonbelievers and Americans of all backgrounds. And no one better embodies that spirit of service than the men and women who wear our country’s uniform and their families. 
总统:这些价值观不但引导着我家的基督教信仰,还包括犹太教、穆斯林、无神论者,以及所有不同背景的美国人。在这里面,我们的军人及其家属最能体现我们的服务精神。


THE FIRST LADY: As always, many of our troops are far from home this time of year, and their families are serving and sacrificing right along with them. Their courage and dedication allow the rest of us to enjoy this season. That’s why we’ve tried to serve them as well as they’ve served this country. Go to JoiningForces.gov to see how you can honor and support the service members, veterans and military families in your community – not just during the holidays, but all year round. 
第一夫人:跟往常一样,许多军人此时此刻仍远离家乡,他们的家庭也一样在作出牺牲服务国家。是他们的勇气与奉献让我们得以享受这个节日。这也是为什么我们要为他们服务,就像他们为这个国家服务一样。登录JoiningForces.gov,看看你可以为自己社区的现役军人、退伍老兵和军人家属做些什么——不单单是在这个节日,而且全年都可以。


THE PRESIDENT: So as we look forward to the New Year, let’s resolve to recommit ourselves to the values we share. And on behalf of the all the Obamas – Michelle, Malia, Sasha, Bo, and that troublemaker Sunny – Merry Christmas, everybody. 
总统:所以,在喜迎新年之际,让我们再次坚定共同拥有的价值观。我代表奥巴马家庭——米歇尔、玛利亚、萨沙、波尔,还有小淘气桑尼——祝大家圣诞快乐。


THE FIRST LADY: And we wish you and your family a happy and healthy 2017… thanks, and God bless. 
第一夫人:我们也祝你和你的家庭2017年健康快乐……谢谢,上帝保佑。

I Wanna Tell You:


很多人会把演讲看做这是一个非常正式、严肃的事情,其实并不是这样的,在众人面前进行一个自我介绍、表达自己的观点,都可以被认为是一场小小的演讲,而非一定是站在众人瞩目的舞台上讲话才是演讲。而希望之星的三个环节都可以看作是演讲,一次英语才艺的展示、即兴说故事、即兴问答,都是一场演讲,都应该配合恰当的语音语调、语速和得体的肢体语言。

 


英女王和奥巴马夫妇的圣诞演讲更像一次拉家常,坐着和大家聊聊2016年,语速是适中的,英女王的语速更是偏慢的(或许因为年龄的问题 但会有一种娓娓道来的舒适感)。在紧张的时候,很多人总是心里认定要赶紧把话讲完结束,其实这会让观众很明显感觉到你的紧张,语速一快就会容易说错,而且大脑的运转跟不上语速就会卡壳。除此之外,语速太快,会让观众感到不适,有一种强迫感。

 

Tips:紧张的时候,深呼吸,把语速放慢,力求把每一个单词读音都读完整并准确哦。另外,没有朗读材料的孩子们,以上的演讲稿尝试模仿朗读吧!


提前祝大家:

Happy New Year!

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